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Table of contents
PREFACE
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.1
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.2
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.3
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.4
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.4
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.6
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.7
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.8
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.9
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.10
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.11
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.4
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.1
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.2
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.3
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.1
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.2
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.3
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.5
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.6
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.1
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.2
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.3
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.4
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.5
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.6
PROSTITUTION-7.1
PROSTITUTION-7.2
PROSTITUTION-7.3
PROSTITUTION-7.4
PROSTITUTION-7.5
PROSTITUTION-7.6
PROSTITUTION-7.7
PROSTITUTION-7.8
PROSTITUTION-7.9
PROSTITUTION-7.10
PROSTITUTION-7.11
PROSTITUTION-7.12
PROSTITUTION-7.13
PROSTITUTION-7.14
PROSTITUTION-7.15
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2

_III. The Causes of Prostitution._ 

 

The history of the rise and development of prostitution enables us to see 

that prostitution is not an accident of our marriage system, but an 

essential constituent which appears concurrently with its other essential 

constituents. The gradual development of the family on a patriarchal and 

largely monogamic basis rendered it more and more difficult for a woman to 

dispose of her own person. She belongs in the first place to her father, 

whose interest it was to guard her carefully until a husband appeared who 

could afford to purchase her. In the enhancement of her value the new idea 

of the market value of virginity gradually developed, and where a "virgin" 

had previously meant a woman who was free to do as she would with her own 

body its meaning was now reversed and it came to mean a woman who was 

precluded from having intercourse with men. When she was transferred from 

her father to a husband, she was still guarded with the same care; 

husband and father alike found their interest in preserving their women 

from unmarried men. The situation thus produced resulted in the existence 

of a large body of young men who were not yet rich enough to obtain wives, 

and a large number of young women, not yet chosen as wives, and many of 

whom could never expect to become wives. At such a point in social 

evolution prostitution is clearly inevitable; it is not so much the 

indispensable concomitant of marriage as an essential part of the whole 

system. Some of the superfluous or neglected women, utilizing their money 

value and perhaps at the same time reviving traditions of an earlier 

freedom, find their social function in selling their favors to gratify the 

temporary desires of the men who have not yet been able to acquire wives. 

Thus every link in the chain of the marriage system is firmly welded and 

the complete circle formed. 

 

But while the history of the rise and development of prostitution shows us 

how indestructible and essential an element prostitution is of the 

marriage system which has long prevailed in Europe--under very varied 

racial, political, social, and religious conditions--it yet fails to 

supply us in every respect with the data necessary to reach a definite 

attitude towards prostitution to-day. In order to understand the place of 

prostitution in our existing system, it is necessary that we should 

analyze the chief factors of prostitution. We may most conveniently learn 

to understand these if we consider prostitution, in order, under four 

aspects. These are: (1) _economic_ necessity; (2) _biological_ 

predisposition; (3) _moral_ advantages; and (4) what may be called its 

_civilizational_ value. 

 

While these four factors of prostitution seem to me those that here 

chiefly concern us, it is scarcely necessary to point out that many other 

causes contribute to produce and modify prostitution. Prostitutes 

themselves often seek to lead other girls to adopt the same paths; 

recruits must be found for brothels, whence we have the "white slave 

trade," which is now being energetically combated in many parts of the 

world; while all the forms of seduction towards this life are favored and 

often predisposed to by alcoholism. It will generally be found that 

several causes have combined to push a girl into the career of 

prostitution. 

 

The ways in which various factors of environment and suggestion 

unite to lead a girl into the paths of prostitution are indicated 

in the following statement in which a correspondent has set forth 

his own conclusions on this matter as a man of the world: "I have 

had a somewhat varied experience among loose women, and can say, 


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