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Table of contents
PREFACE
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.1
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.2
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.3
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.4
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.4
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.6
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.7
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.8
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.9
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.10
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.11
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.4
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.1
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.2
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.3
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.1
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.2
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.3
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.5
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.6
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.1
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.2
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.3
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.4
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.5
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.6
PROSTITUTION-7.1
PROSTITUTION-7.2
PROSTITUTION-7.3
PROSTITUTION-7.4
PROSTITUTION-7.5
PROSTITUTION-7.6
PROSTITUTION-7.7
PROSTITUTION-7.8
PROSTITUTION-7.9
PROSTITUTION-7.10
PROSTITUTION-7.11
PROSTITUTION-7.12
PROSTITUTION-7.13
PROSTITUTION-7.14
PROSTITUTION-7.15
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2

_II. The Origin and Development of Prostitution_. 

 

The more refined forms of the orgy flourish in civilization, although on 

account of their mainly cerebral character they are not the most 

beneficent or the most effective. The more primitive and muscular forms of 

the orgy tend, on the other hand, under the influence of civilization, to 

fall into discredit and to be so far as possible suppressed altogether. It 

is partly in this way that civilization encourages prostitution. For the 

orgy in its primitive forms, forbidden to show itself openly and 

reputably, seeks the darkness, and allying itself with a fundamental 

instinct to which civilized society offers no complete legitimate 

satisfaction, it firmly entrenches itself in the very centre of civilized 

life, and thereby constitutes a problem of immense difficulty and 

importance.[120] 

 

It is commonly said that prostitution has existed always and everywhere. 

That statement is far from correct. A kind of amateur prostitution is 

occasionally found among savages, but usually it is only when barbarism is 

fully developed and is already approaching the stage of civilization that 

well developed prostitution is found. It exists in a systematic form in 

every civilization. 

 

What is prostitution? There has been considerable discussion as to the 

correct definition of prostitution.[121] The Roman Ulpian said that a 

prostitute was one who openly abandons her body to a number of men without 

choice, for money.[122] Not all modern definitions have been so 

satisfactory. It is sometimes said a prostitute is a woman who gives 

herself to numerous men. To be sound, however, a definition must be 

applicable to both sexes alike and we should certainly hesitate to 

describe a man who had sexual intercourse with many women as a prostitute. 

The idea of venality, the intention to sell the favors of the body, is 

essential to the conception of prostitution. Thus Guyot defines a 

prostitute as "any person for whom sexual relationships are subordinated 

to gain."[123] It is not, however, adequate to define a prostitute simply 

as a woman who sells her body. That is done every day by women who become 

wives in order to gain a home and a livelihood, yet, immoral as this 

conduct may be from any high ethical standpoint, it would be inconvenient 

and even misleading to call it prostitution.[124] It is better, therefore, 

to define a prostitute as a woman who temporarily sells her sexual favors 

to various persons. Thus, according to Wharton's _Law-lexicon_ a 

prostitute is "a woman who indiscriminately consorts with men for hire"; 

Bonger states that "those women are prostitutes who sell their bodies for 

the exercise of sexual acts and make of this a profession";[125] Richard 

again states that "a prostitute is a woman who publicly gives herself to 

the first comer in return for a pecuniary remuneration."[126] As, finally, 

the prevalence of homosexuality has led to the existence of male 

prostitutes, the definition must be put in a form irrespective of sex, and 

we may, therefore, say that a prostitute is a person who makes it a 

profession to gratify the lust of various persons of the opposite sex or 

the same sex. 

 

It is essential that the act of prostitution should be habitually 

performed with "various persons." A woman who gains her living by 

being mistress to a man, to whom she is faithful, is not a 

prostitute, although she often becomes one afterwards, and may 

have been one before. The exact point at which a woman begins to 

be a prostitute is a question of considerable importance in 

countries in which prostitutes are subject to registration. Thus 

in Berlin, not long ago, a girl who was mistress to a rich 


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