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Table of contents
PREFACE
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.1
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.2
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.3
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.4
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.4
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.6
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.7
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.8
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.9
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.10
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.11
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.4
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.1
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.2
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.3
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.1
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.2
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.3
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.5
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.6
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.1
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.2
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.3
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.4
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.5
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.6
PROSTITUTION-7.1
PROSTITUTION-7.2
PROSTITUTION-7.3
PROSTITUTION-7.4
PROSTITUTION-7.5
PROSTITUTION-7.6
PROSTITUTION-7.7
PROSTITUTION-7.8
PROSTITUTION-7.9
PROSTITUTION-7.10
PROSTITUTION-7.11
PROSTITUTION-7.12
PROSTITUTION-7.13
PROSTITUTION-7.14
PROSTITUTION-7.15
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2

the opinion you express [as to the unfavorable influence of 

muscular development in women]. _Athletics_, i.e., overdone 

physical training, causes the girl's system to approximate to the 

masculine; this is so whether due to sport or necessity. The 

woman who indulges in it approximates to the male in her 

attributes; this is marked in diminished sexual intensity, and in 

increased difficulty of childbirth, with, in time, lessened 

fecundity. Healthy habits improve, but masculine muscular 

development diminishes, womanly qualities, although it is true 

that the peasant and the laboring woman have easy labor. I have 

never advocated muscular development for girls, only physical 

training, but have perhaps said too much for it and praised it 

too unguardedly. In schools and colleges, so far, however, it is 

insufficient rather than too much; only the wealthy have too much 

golf and athletic sports. I am collecting new material, but from 

what I already have seen I am impressed with the truth of what 

you say. I am studying the point, and shall elaborate the 

explanation." Any publication on this subject was, however, 

prevented by Engelmann's death a few years later. 

 

A proper recognition of the special nature of woman, of her peculiar needs 

and her dignity, has a significance beyond its importance in education and 

hygiene. The traditions and training to which she is subjected in this 

matter have a subtle and far-reaching significance, according as they are 

good or evil. If she is taught, implicitly or explicitly, contempt for the 

characteristics of her own sex, she naturally develops masculine ideals 

which may permanently discolor her vision of life and distort her 

practical activities; it has been found that as many as fifty per cent. of 

American school girls have masculine ideals, while fifteen per cent. 

American and no fewer than thirty-four per cent. English school girls 

wished to be men, though scarcely any boys wished to be women.[31] With 

the same tendency may be connected that neglect to cultivate the emotions, 

which, by a mischievously extravagant but inevitable reaction from the 

opposite extreme, has sometimes marked the modern training of women. In 

the finely developed woman, intelligence is interpenetrated with emotion. 

If there is an exaggerated and isolated culture of intelligence a tendency 

shows itself to disharmony which breaks up the character or impairs its 

completeness. In this connection Reibmayr has remarked that the American 

woman may serve as a warning.[32] Within the emotional sphere itself, it 

may be added, there is a tendency to disharmony in women owing to the 

contradictory nature of the feelings which are traditionally impressed 

upon her, a contradiction which dates back indeed to the identification of 

sacredness and impurity at the dawn of civilization. "Every girl and 

woman," wrote Hellmann, in a pioneering book which pushed a sound 

principle to eccentric extremes, "is taught to regard her sexual parts as 

a precious and sacred spot, only to be approached by a husband or in 

special circumstances a doctor. She is, at the same time, taught to regard 

this spot as a kind of water-closet which she ought to be extremely 

ashamed to possess, and the mere mention of which should cause a painful 

blush."[33] The average unthinking woman accepts the incongruity of this 

opposition without question, and grows accustomed to adapt herself to each 

of the incompatibles according to circumstances. The more thoughtful woman 

works out a private theory of her own. But in very many cases this 


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