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Table of contents
PREFACE
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.1
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.2
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.3
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.4
THE MOTHER AND HER CHILD-1.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.4
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.5
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.6
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.7
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.8
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.9
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.10
SEXUAL EDUCATION-2.11
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.1
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.2
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.3
SEXUAL EDUCATION AND NAKEDNESS-3.4
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.1
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.2
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.3
THE VALUATION OF SEXUAL LOVE-4.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.1
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.2
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.3
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.4
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.5
THE FUNCTION OF CHASTITY-5.6
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.1
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.2
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.3
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.4
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.5
THE PROBLEM OF SEXUAL ABSTINENCE-6.6
PROSTITUTION-7.1
PROSTITUTION-7.2
PROSTITUTION-7.3
PROSTITUTION-7.4
PROSTITUTION-7.5
PROSTITUTION-7.6
PROSTITUTION-7.7
PROSTITUTION-7.8
PROSTITUTION-7.9
PROSTITUTION-7.10
PROSTITUTION-7.11
PROSTITUTION-7.12
PROSTITUTION-7.13
PROSTITUTION-7.14
PROSTITUTION-7.15
FOOTNOTES-1
FOOTNOTES-2

STUDIES IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX, VOLUME VI 

 

Sex in Relation to Society 

 

by 

 

HAVELOCK ELLIS 

 

1927 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PREFACE. 

 

In the previous five volumes of these _Studies_, I have dealt mainly with 

the sexual impulse in relation to its object, leaving out of account the 

external persons and the environmental influences which yet may powerfully 

affect that impulse and its gratification. We cannot afford, however, to 

pass unnoticed this relationship of the sexual impulse to third persons 

and to the community at large with all its anciently established 

traditions. We have to consider sex in relation to society. 

 

In so doing, it will be possible to discuss more summarily than in 

preceding volumes the manifold and important problems that are presented 

to us. In considering the more special questions of sexual psychology we 

entered a neglected field and it was necessary to expend an analytic care 

and precision which at many points had never been expended before on these 

questions. But when we reach the relationships of sex to society we have 

for the most part no such neglect to encounter. The subject of every 

chapter in the present volume could easily form, and often has formed, the 

topic of a volume, and the literature of many of these subjects is already 

extremely voluminous. It must therefore be our main object here not to 

accumulate details but to place each subject by turn, as clearly and 

succinctly as may be, in relation to those fundamental principles of 

sexual psychology which--so far as the data at present admit--have been 

set forth in the preceding volumes. 

 

It may seem to some, indeed, that in this exposition I should have 

confined myself to the present, and not included so wide a sweep of the 

course of human history and the traditions of the race. It may especially 

seem that I have laid too great a stress on the influence of Christianity 

in moulding sexual ideals and establishing sexual institutions. That, I am 

convinced, is an error. It is because it is so frequently made that the 

movements of progress among us--movements that can never at any period of 

social history cease--are by many so seriously misunderstood. We cannot 

escape from our traditions. There never has been, and never can be, any 

"age of reason." The most ardent co-called "free-thinker," who casts aside 

as he imagines the authority of the Christian past, is still held by that 

past. If its traditions are not absolutely in his blood, they are 

ingrained in the texture of all the social institutions into which he was 

born and they affect even his modes of thinking. The latest modifications 

of our institutions are inevitably influenced by the past form of those 

institutions. We cannot realize where we are, nor whither we are moving, 

unless we know whence we came. We cannot understand the significance of 

the changes around us, nor face them with cheerful confidence, unless we 

are acquainted with the drift of the great movements that stir all 

civilization in never-ending cycles. 

 

In discussing sexual questions which are very largely matters of social 

hygiene we shall thus still be preserving the psychological point of view. 

Such a point of view in relation to these matters is not only legitimate 

but necessary. Discussions of social hygiene that are purely medical or 

purely juridical or purely moral or purely theological not only lead to 

conclusions that are often entirely opposed to each other but they 

obviously fail to possess complete applicability to the complex human 

personality. The main task before us must be to ascertain what best 

expresses, and what best satisfies, the totality of the impulses and ideas 


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